INFORMATION TO UNDP FROM DZIKWA FORESTRY ON PURSUING FOOD SECURITY PROGRAMMES THROUGH REFORESTATION AND AGROFORESTRY PRACTICES IN DZIVARESEKWA
PROBLEM STATEMENT: Insufficient funds to pursue food security programmes for the benefit of underprivileged families in Dzivarasekwa.
Dzivarasekwa is a high-density township, 20 km West of Harare with a population of about 100,000 people. It used to have rich Miombo woodlands until 1980’s; thereafter eucalyptus plantations were actively established and subsequently harvested in the early 1990’s. Ever since, large areas in the outskirts of the township have degraded into grasslands, wastelands and into illegal dumping sites. The township is practically deforested.
The township of Dzivarasekwa has been greatly affected by rural-urban migration for better living conditions. Due to high unemployment, poverty and hunger, a large number of small-scale urban farmers are now cultivating degraded lands for living. However, their productivity is low and they lack resources, skills and techniques in conservation agriculture. In the absence of appropriate conservation measures, intensive peri-urban farming is posing a serious threat to the overall Dzivarasekwa environment.
Dzikwa Trust Fund, an educational trust supporting 400 orphans in Dzivarasekwa, has already in 2008 taken an initiative in conservation. Dzikwa Trust established a structured programme for land rehabilitation and reforestation of 60 hectares area in Southern Dzivarasekwa. Dzikwa Trust has a 25 year lease agreement with the Harare City Council.
Dzikwa Trust’s environmental programme has been approved by EMA in December, 2012. EMA has appointed the Forestry Commission of Zimbabwe to oversee the programme.
The Finnish Government has initially been supporting the environmental conservation project of Dzikwa Trust from 2011 to 2013, through a dedicated grant. There is a small continuation grant from the Finnish Government for 2014 -2016, which is insufficient to pursue the planned activities. In order to kick-start the implementation phase and expand activities, there is great need for additional funding. It is against this background that we seek funding for the coming five years, to support the intended activities.
Our goal is to enhance food security in the Dzivarasekwa community in a sustainable manner, at the same time mitigating climate change.
Dzikwa forestry project is divided into subproject. In each sub-project, there are resources needed to successfully carry out the project. The sub-projects are; Agroforestry, Apiary and Orchard, Eucalyptus plantation, Nursery and Nutrition gardens
- Agroforestry Sub-Project 20 Hectares:
Our objective is to annually train 36 farmers in Agroforestry, making a total of 250 skilled small-scale farmers in Dzivarasekwa . We also aim to allocate about 250 farmers with an area of 800 sq. meter plot each, and to engage them in well-planned Agroforestry activities, 20 hectares in total.
What we have done so far:
- Tilled the land, peg and allocate 4 hectares annually for Agroforestry purposes.
- So far trained 40 farmers (20 Males & 20 Females), there are 15 youths among 40 trained in 2015.
- Identified and contact all peri-urban farmers practicing on the site, to map and to establish a data base on their current and future activities.
- Training workshops for the farmers explaining the entire project, its objectives and benefits to the community. This is done every Saturday of the week by an expert from Ministry of Agriculture. All training hand-outs and other demonstration materials and tools are provided.
- Started planting annually the required Faidherbia albida seedlings for the purpose of providing the maize fields with natural nitrogen.
- Already organised and started the “Look & learn” field visits to successful Agroforestry sites in other parts of Zimbabwe, already been to Juru growth point and Gokwe communal land
- Provided participating farmers with maize seeds and hand-on technical assistance to get started and practice Agroforestry.
- Continuous monitoring and evaluation of activities and achieved results
What we need/Requirements on Agro-forestry Sub-Project
In order to carry out this exercise successfully, we require;
- Maize seed : 10kg per farmer * 40 farmers = 400 kg
- Fertilizers: AN 20kg per farmer * 40 farmers = 800 kg,
Compound D 25 kg per farmer * 40 farmers = 1000kg
- Tree species, seedlings:
Pigeon pea: 1000
Polythene pots: 2000
- Training: To plan and implement a training curriculum and schedule for conducting 15 x 2-hour training sessions for 36 farmers at a time, on the site. Training plan can be availed to you upon request
- Apiculture sub-project
Our long term objective is to develop a thriving Apiculture sub-project with 60 bee hives within the orchard, for nutritional and learning purposes.
What we have so far:
- 20 empty hives
- 4 colonised hives
- 1 bee suit
What we need/Require
- We require 20 new Langstroth-type of bee hives with bee colonies.
- 2 more bee suits
- 2 smoker
- 2 bee bushes
- Honey extractors – 50litres
- Solar lanterns
- Packing jars – 375ml
- To harvest the honey twice a year if resources are available
- Nursery Sub-project
Our main objective is to construct another tree nursery, big enough to raise all tree seedlings for the sub-projects. This means producing annually about 30,000 tree seedlings, such as: eucalyptus grandis; faidherbia albida; diverse fruit trees and indigenous trees.
What we have:
existing 300 sq. meter nursery
- See attached inventory. All stated seedlings are there and raised from the existing nursery.
What we need/Require
- To produce annually following seedlings:
- 20 000 eucalyptus grandis seedlings /annum
- 6 000faidherbiaalbida seedling / annum for
- 3 000 various fruit tree seedlings / annum
- 1 000 indigenous tree seedlings / annum
- To produce annually double the number of seedlings as indicated on the inventory record
- To expand the existing 300 sq. meters nursery site by an additional of 300 sq. meters nursery on the site.
- 25mm * 15 mm poles (ref Allied timbers)
- Net – 3rolls of 100m * 3m
- Cement – 25 bags
- Riversand 1 full load
- Quarry stones – 1 full load
- Claw nails – or U nails
- Eucalyptus Grandis plantation development sub-project
Our objective is to establish a 25 hectares eucalyptus plantation, large enough in order to provide the community with affordable firewood
What we have
- 8 hectares plantation
- Cleared and prepared the ground annually for 4 hectares by ploughing and tilling.
- To mark the planting rows and to dig the holes for planting seedlings.
- Planted annually a minimum of 4x 4,500 eucalyptus grandis seedlings per hectare, a total of about 18,000 seedlings.
- Maintained plantation by weeding, checking on newly planted seedlings and by weeding and watering them properly.
- Replacing timely seedlings that did not succeed.
- Carrying out continuously post-planting activities, such as weeding and slashing grass in the plantation.
What we require/Need
- To peg the additional planned 17 hectares area intended for plantation development.
- To prepare the necessary fire guards in the plantation.
- Polythene pots 150mm * 100mm – about 2000 polythene pots
- 10 litres methamidofos
- Malathion 50% , we need 2 litres
- 1 nap sack – 15litres
- Grass cutter
- Nutritional Gardens sub-project
Our main objective is to promote:
- The growing of vegetables by 36 peri-urban farmers / annum during winter season.
- Training annually 36 urban farmers on nutrition gardens.
- The growing of surplus fertilizer-free vegetables for drying and selling.
What we have so far:
- We have 200 sq. meters land growing vegetables and feeding Dzikwa Trust orphans and some sold to the community
- Enough land for expansion to half of a hacter
- Herbal section- potion grown herbs
What we require/ needed
- Vegetable and herbal drier
- Vegetable seed
- Orchard sub-project
- Our objectives are; To establish 3 hectares Orchard to grow fruits for underprivileged families and orphans in Dzivarasekwa
What we have:
A variety of fruit trees as indicated on the inventory under orchard
What we require/Need
- To peg and fence a 3 hectares area for various fruit trees.
- To level the ground.
- To plough and till the area.
- To choose fast-growing species of fruit trees with end-user benefits that can easily be explained to the community.
- To prepare rows for different types of fruit trees.
- To plant fruit trees and eight various species
- Other; Infrastructure
- To level the ground and to clear the access road path to the site by removing the illegal rubbish.
- To build a proper access road to the site with proper signs.
- To connect electricity from about 1200 meters distance at DZ # 4 Government Primary School to the site/ use of solar panels
- To purchase the following tools and machinery:
tractor of 38HP horsepower
- One ripper and plough
- One disc harrow
- 800 meters of diamond wire mesh
- Installation of solar pump
- Second bore hole pump
- On additional 5,000 litres water tank with a booster pump
- 200 metres of hosepipe
- 2 grass trimmers
- Two chain saws
- One block cutter
- 10 pruning shears
- Chain saws
ix. Wooden administration building
x. Storage building
xi. Diamond wire mesh to protect the fruit trees and nutrition garden
xii. To build a 80 sq. meters training gazebo for Agroforestry training.
- To erect a wooden 30 sq. meters administration and storage cottage.
- Expected Outcome Over The Next 8 Years
- Enhanced food security amongst small-scale urban farmers in a sustainable manner by increasing production by at least 100%.
- At least 20 hectares of Dzivaresekwa land reforested to increase firewood availability.
- To be able to access carbon credits annually.
- At least 50% of farmers in Dzikwarasekwa to have embraced Agroforestry- technology through training & demonstrations.
- To improve health standards and reduce mortality through bio-remediation.
- At least 6 students on work related learning& researchers involved annually
- To have a well-established ‘Look and Learn’ centre.